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Sympatho adrenal crisis and its symptoms


Vegetative-vascular dystonia creates their "owners" a lot of problems, preventing people to live a normal life, but few of them compare in severity with sympathoadrenal crises - a sharp drop in blood pressure with a concomitant feeling of wild fear of death.

Sympathoadrenal crisis that happened even only once, so leaves a heavy impression on the unfortunate patients that it is worth it to talk about him specifically.

Anatomy and the causes of suffering

In the autonomic nervous system there is a special division of the sympathetic nervous system that comes into effect only during physical and psychoemotional loads, which carries people. It helps the body to adapt quickly to stressful situations, survive the shock, pain or blood loss.

Her work is closely connected with the functions of the adrenal medulla, the organ of the endocrine system, which produce the hormone adrenaline. Adrenaline is a vasoconstrictor and exerts a tonic effect on all organs and systems: thanks to this substance, you are as fast bleed out if injured and in a time of great emotional or physical stress are feeling the same burst of energy that helps to cope with the load.

However, a sudden release of adrenaline can cause lot of discomfort, which in neurology be characterized as a sympathoadrenal crisis as the sympathetic nervous system responds to the release of hormone like stress.

The reasons for these crises - the breakdown of the regulation of the autonomic nervous system under the influence of several factors, it loses the ability to react to stimuli.

страх человека

The sympathetic nervous system

Among the most common causes of onset of sympathoadrenal crises can be called diseases of the cardiovascular system, hormonal dysfunction caused by age-related changes in the body during adolescence or menopause, during pregnancy.

Major role is played by the pathology of the musculoskeletal system and spine (degenerative disc disease): the fact that sympathetic fibers exit the spinal cord in the segment from I-II thoracic to II-IV of the lumbar vertebrae, so any accidental infringement can literally out of the blue to cause a very severe crisis.

Bad habits (Smoking, alcohol) creates a great strain on the internal organs, and as each of them innervated by sympathetic fibers, it is very often a consequence of excessive consumption or exposure to nicotine becomessympathoadrenal crisis.

Also among the victims of crises are usually weak people - those who have recently suffered any illness or chronically sick, and also followers of various diets for weight loss. The reason - a banal beriberi affecting the nervous system.

You die or is it just a crisis?

Typically, the crisis begins suddenly, very quickly "dispersed" and in seconds reaches its peak. If you measure at this point, HELL, and heart rate, these figures are frightening: pressure may spike to 200/100-120 mm Hg. art., pulse up to 120 to 150 and even higher.

Like any sharp pressure jump, sympathoadrenal crisis is accompanied by:

  • Severe headache;
  • Unpleasant sensations in the retrosternal region;
  • Pulsation of blood in the head, and sometimes the erratic heartbeat that is felt as heart failure.

To these symptoms are added the strongest chills and shaking of extremities, blanching of the skin.

If to speak about the psychological state of a person in crisis, it can be described very briefly: fear of death. It creates the biggest problems unhappy dystonia: waiting inexorably approaching death robs people of the ability in any objectively assess what is happening.


Emerging from at least one of sympathoadrenal crisis people often describe their state as a complete detachment from reality: many say that the fear of death was mixed with a sense of implausibility that they were in the time of crisis.

The final symptom indicating the end of the stroke, - a strong urge to urinate, during which a significant amount of urine a light color.

Thus, the body relieves the load of heart, vascular and kidneys, to prevent further deterioration of the human condition.

How long does it last

The intensity of the panic attacks (the so-called sympathoadrenal crises in foreign medicine) diverse as their duration.

Distinguish between mild, moderate and severe occurrence of seizures. So, mild is characterized by a minimum of unpleasant symptoms (headache, dizziness, trembling and fear) that pass very quickly - within two to five minutes.

At the end a light attack patients almost immediately restored to normal health.

The average degree is quite a long attack with all his characteristic symptoms, which lasts from a quarter of an hour to one or two hours. After sufferingcrisis patients experience weakness, drowsiness may occur the reverse reaction - a drop in blood pressure.

Heavy sympathoadrenal crises are characterized by the presence of many of the above symptoms (polysymptomatic), their high intensity, they added involuntary jerking of the body and limbs, cramps.

Last such panic attack more than an hour, and recovery takes several days.

A little positive

With all agostoli the condition of patients who are familiar with the surprises of their endocrine and nervous systems, these people can be reassuring: no matter how painful the incident, the attack, do not die from it, but treatment is necessary in any case, even if the attack was short and you almost immediately felt fine.

Than to treat

Treatment of sympathoadrenal crises is a quite serious problem, because so far there isn't any specific therapeutic techniques to cope with panic attacks once and for all.

Emergency care when you develop a panic attack consists of a few simple measures:

  • Try to calm the patient, explaining that there is nothing extraordinary in his condition there;
  • Put him down, unbuttoned the collar of the shirt or blouse, open a vent or window open to ensure fresh air;
  • If there are tablets of captopril, ask the patient to dissolve one under the tongue (dose 0,25 mg);
  • Measure the HELL: if it is very high, give your ordinary drug that a patient takes to control hypertension.

Monitor the patient's state of health: if the condition for 10-15 minutes is not improving, call the brigade "ambulance", clearly describing all of the symptoms that are complaining about people watching you personally.

Visiting doctors will do an injection of Relanium, for inhibition of excessive activity of sympathoadrenal system will offer an injection of obzidan or verapamil.

Alone this treatment is better not to, because you must first verify the correctness of the diagnosis, so don't hesitate - call specialists.

If after the assistance provided to the person for a long time feels weakness, fatigue, complains of dizziness, let him sleep.

Count on the fact that a panic attack won't happen again, not necessary, so the home kit is dystonia should be:

  • Validol;
  • A bottle of heart medicine (he takes a good arrhythmia);
  • Glycine pill (it calms);
  • Phenazepam (he has a strong calming effect, relieves cramps).

Phenazepam and its analogues are sold only on medical prescriptionso be sure to ask your therapist or neurologist - at the same time and confirm your diagnosis.

Validol (one tablet) or glycine should be put under tongue and dissolve, Corvalol, take 30-50 drops in a spoonful of water or on cube of sugar. If the condition has not improved, you will have to call an ambulance or take phenazepam.

Homemade action

Treatment of panic attacks must be accompanied by a revision of the intensity of physical and emotional stress, mode of day and feed.

Sleep must be adequate, in order that man could in that time to completely relax and Wake up fresh.

From the diet should be excluded all sharp, heavy, fried and especially alcohol. Resolved light soups, dishes of stewed vegetables and whole grains, milk and milk products, fruit, having a pronounced diuretic effect.

Useful soothing teas made of lemongrass, and coffee and other soft drinks need to be excluded.

Very useful walk before going to sleep, relaxing on the beach or in the forest, where you can enjoy a breath of really fresh surroundings, but also to walk barefoot on the sand, fine gravel or just on the grass. It will be a good massage for the feet, where many nerve endings.

In addition to purely medical treatment should pay attention to methods of physiotherapy: a contrast shower, Charcot shower, whirlpool baths, electromassage.

Since panic attacks are often the result of diseases of the spine, consult a chiropractor for a massage, so your treatment was complete. Hand massage will be a good help in your situation.

If you have the opportunity, be sure to pass the regular courses of treatment on resorts mud: mud has a terrific integrated effect, which is the natural correction of vascular and muscle tone, and metabolism.

And most importantly: no matter how unpleasant or symptoms of sympathoadrenal crises, in the beginning of the attack try as soon as possible to get control of yourself, because panic and fear is a bad assistants: they will only worsen your condition, which will require the serious treatment.

Be sure to also read the article about what that entails in vegetative-vascular dystonia to human health.